The Adapter Pattern

This is a post about the Adapter Pattern and is from my study of design patterns

The adapter pattern is a way to make two objects work together even if they don't have compatable interfaces. An obivous analogy can be found with most people who use a Macintosh computer. I have a Macbook with usb-c ports and a monitor that uses HDMI. My mac can't talk to my monitor as is. It needs an adapter to bridge the gap!

Color Cannon

The ColorCannon class is a simple object that when given an array of colors can fire them off one by one or in rapid fire.

require './color_cannon'
require './color_cannon_adapter'

# using the color cannon the way it was first imagined. With an array of colors
canon =['#DD4686', '#A1E237', '#01FEC5'])

# Boom! Here's #DD4686
# Boom! Here's #A1E237
# Boom! Here's #01FEC5

Cool! I'd like to load it up with some random colors from the GitHub hex bot. But there's one problem: the API returns an complex object with colors and color cannon needs a simple array. To make it work we have some options.

  1. We could convert the data to the format needed by ColorCannon

This is certinaly valid, but imagine that we have colors coming from lots of different sources. Does ColorCannon need to be able to handle all of them? This would violate the Single Responsability Pinciple. The ColorCannon should be concerned with firing colors, not with a sprawling problem of converting data formats.

  1. We could extend the ColorCannon class to accept the data we're getting from the API.

There's nothing wrong with this either, but that could get messy. Again, imagine colors coming from lots of different sources.

  1. We could write an adapter

The adapter is an entierly seperate class who responsability is to help two classes that are other wise compatable be able to talk to each other. In this case we need to make a string representation of json work with the ColorCannon

# here we are fetching colors that come to us in a non compatable format. An adapter encapsulates the conversion to make them compatable.
require 'net/http'
colors_json_str = Net::HTTP.get(URI.parse(''))
colors =
canon =

# Boom! Here's #1B6497.
# Boom! Here's #AC1344.
# Boom! Here's #F234D0.